# Longest Common Subsequence

If we are given with the two strings we have to find the longest common sub-sequence present in both of them.

Example

LCS for input Sequences “ABCDGH” and “AEDFHR” is “ADH” of length 3.

LCS for input Sequences “AGGTAB” and “GXTXAYB” is “GTAB” of length 4.

Implementation in Java

```public class LCS {

public static void main(String[] args) {
// TODO Auto-generated method stub
String str1 = "AGGTAB";
String str2 = "GXTXAYB";
LCS obj = new LCS();
System.out.println(obj.lcs(str1, str2, str1.length(), str2.length()));
System.out.println(obj.lcs2(str1, str2));
}

//Recursive function
public int lcs(String str1, String str2, int m, int n){
if(m==0 || n==0)
return 0;
if(str1.charAt(m-1) == str2.charAt(n-1))
return 1 + lcs(str1, str2, m-1, n-1);
else
return Math.max(lcs(str1, str2, m-1, n), lcs(str1, str2, m, n-1));
}

//Iterative function
public int lcs2(String str1, String str2){
int lcs[][] = new int[str1.length()+1][str2.length()+1];

for(int i=0;i<=str1.length();i++){
for(int j=0;j<=str2.length();j++){
if(i==0 || j== 0){
lcs[i][j] = 0;
}
else if(str1.charAt(i-1) == str2.charAt(j-1)){
lcs[i][j] = 1 + lcs[i-1][j-1];
}else{
lcs[i][j] = Math.max(lcs[i-1][j], lcs[i][j-1]);
}
}
}

return lcs[str1.length()][str2.length()];
}

}```

Output

`4`