Essential Android Bottom Sheets edit forum

BottomSheetBehavior like Google maps

This example depends on Support Library 23.4.0.+.

BottomSheetBehavior is characterized by :

  1. Two toolbars with animations that respond to the bottom sheet movements.
  2. A FAB that hides when it is near to the “modal toolbar” (the one that appears when you are sliding up).
  3. A backdrop image behind bottom sheet with some kind of parallax effect.
  4. A Title (TextView) in Toolbar that appears when bottom sheet reach it.
  5. The notification satus bar can turn its background to transparent or full color.
  6. A custom bottom sheet behavior with an “anchor” state.

Now let’s check them one by one:

ToolBars When you open that view in Google Maps, you can see a toolbar in where you can search, it’s the only one that I’m not doing exactly like Google Maps, because I wanted to do it more generic. Anyway that ToolBar is inside an AppBarLayout and it got hidden when you start dragging the BottomSheet and it appears again when the BottomSheet reach the COLLAPSED state. To achieve it you need to:

This is how I did it for first toolbar or ActionBar:

@Override
public boolean layoutDependsOn(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child, View dependency) {
    return dependency instanceof NestedScrollView;
}

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child,
                                      View dependency) {

    if (mChild == null) {
        initValues(child, dependency);
        return false;
    }

    float dVerticalScroll = dependency.getY() - mPreviousY;
    mPreviousY = dependency.getY();

    //going up
    if (dVerticalScroll <= 0 && !hidden) {
        dismissAppBar(child);
        return true;
    }

    return false;
}

private void initValues(final View child, View dependency) {

    mChild = child;
    mInitialY = child.getY();

    BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike bottomSheetBehavior = BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.from(dependency);
    bottomSheetBehavior.addBottomSheetCallback(new BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.BottomSheetCallback() {
        @Override
        public void onStateChanged(@NonNull View bottomSheet, @BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.State int newState) {
            if (newState == BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.STATE_COLLAPSED ||
                    newState == BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike.STATE_HIDDEN)
                showAppBar(child);
        }

        @Override
        public void onSlide(@NonNull View bottomSheet, float slideOffset) {

        }
    });
}

private void dismissAppBar(View child){
    hidden = true;
    AppBarLayout appBarLayout = (AppBarLayout)child;
    mToolbarAnimation = appBarLayout.animate().setDuration(mContext.getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_shortAnimTime));
    mToolbarAnimation.y(-(mChild.getHeight()+25)).start();
}

private void showAppBar(View child) {
    hidden = false;
    AppBarLayout appBarLayout = (AppBarLayout)child;
    mToolbarAnimation = appBarLayout.animate().setDuration(mContext.getResources().getInteger(android.R.integer.config_mediumAnimTime));
    mToolbarAnimation.y(mInitialY).start();
}

Here is the complete file if you need it

The second Toolbar or “Modal” toolbar: You have to override the same methods, but in this one you have to take care of more behaviors:

The code for this one is a little extensive, so I will let the link

The FAB This is a Custom Behavior too, but extends from FloatingActionButton.Behavior. In onDependentViewChanged you have to look when it reach the “offSet” or point in where you want to hide it. In my case I want to hide it when it’s near to the second toolbar, so I dig into FAB parent (a CoordinatorLayout) looking for the AppBarLayout that contains the ToolBar, then I use the ToolBar position like OffSet:

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, FloatingActionButton child, View dependency) {

    if (offset == 0)
        setOffsetValue(parent);

    if (dependency.getY() <=0)
        return false;

    if (child.getY() <= (offset + child.getHeight()) && child.getVisibility() == View.VISIBLE)
        child.hide();
    else if (child.getY() > offset && child.getVisibility() != View.VISIBLE)
        child.show();

    return false;
}

Complete Custom FAB Behavior link

The image behind the BottomSheet with parallax effect: Like the others, it’s a custom behavior, the only “complicated” thing in this one is the little algorithm that keeps the image anchored to the BottomSheet and avoid the image collapse like default parallax effect:

@Override
public boolean onDependentViewChanged(CoordinatorLayout parent, View child,
                                      View dependency) {

    if (mYmultiplier == 0) {
        initValues(child, dependency);
        return true;
    }

    float dVerticalScroll = dependency.getY() - mPreviousY;
    mPreviousY = dependency.getY();

    //going up
    if (dVerticalScroll <= 0 && child.getY() <= 0) {
        child.setY(0);
        return true;
    }

    //going down
    if (dVerticalScroll >= 0 && dependency.getY() <= mImageHeight)
        return false;

    child.setY( (int)(child.getY() + (dVerticalScroll * mYmultiplier) ) );

    return true;
}

The complete file for backdrop image with parallax effect

Now for the end: The Custom BottomSheet Behavior To achieve the 3 steps, first you need to understand that default BottomSheetBehavior has 5 states: STATE_DRAGGING, STATE_SETTLING, STATE_EXPANDED, STATE_COLLAPSED, STATE_HIDDEN and for the Google Maps behavior you need to add a middle state between collapsed and expanded: STATE_ANCHOR_POINT. I tried to extend the default bottomSheetBehavior with no success, so I just copy pasted all the code and modified what I need. To achieve what I’m talking about follow the next steps:

  1. Create a Java class and extend it from CoordinatorLayout.Behavior
  2. Copy paste code from default BottomSheetBehavior file to your new one.
  3. Modify the method clampViewPositionVertical with the following code:
@Override
public int clampViewPositionVertical(View child, int top, int dy) {
    return constrain(top, mMinOffset, mHideable ? mParentHeight : mMaxOffset);
}
int constrain(int amount, int low, int high) {
    return amount < low ? low : (amount > high ? high : amount);
}
  1. Add a new state

public static final int STATE_ANCHOR_POINT = X;

  1. Modify the next methods: onLayoutChild, onStopNestedScroll, BottomSheetBehavior from(V view) and setState (optional)
public boolean onLayoutChild(CoordinatorLayout parent, V child, int layoutDirection) {
    // First let the parent lay it out
    if (mState != STATE_DRAGGING && mState != STATE_SETTLING) {
        if (ViewCompat.getFitsSystemWindows(parent) &&
                !ViewCompat.getFitsSystemWindows(child)) {
            ViewCompat.setFitsSystemWindows(child, true);
        }
        parent.onLayoutChild(child, layoutDirection);
    }
    // Offset the bottom sheet
    mParentHeight = parent.getHeight();
    mMinOffset = Math.max(0, mParentHeight - child.getHeight());
    mMaxOffset = Math.max(mParentHeight - mPeekHeight, mMinOffset);

    //if (mState == STATE_EXPANDED) {
    //    ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMinOffset);
    //} else if (mHideable && mState == STATE_HIDDEN...
    if (mState == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mAnchorPoint);
    } else if (mState == STATE_EXPANDED) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMinOffset);
    } else if (mHideable && mState == STATE_HIDDEN) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mParentHeight);
    } else if (mState == STATE_COLLAPSED) {
        ViewCompat.offsetTopAndBottom(child, mMaxOffset);
    }
    if (mViewDragHelper == null) {
        mViewDragHelper = ViewDragHelper.create(parent, mDragCallback);
    }
    mViewRef = new WeakReference<>(child);
    mNestedScrollingChildRef = new WeakReference<>(findScrollingChild(child));
    return true;
}
public void onStopNestedScroll(CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, V child, View target) {
    if (child.getTop() == mMinOffset) {
        setStateInternal(STATE_EXPANDED);
        return;
    }
    if (target != mNestedScrollingChildRef.get() || !mNestedScrolled) {
        return;
    }
    int top;
    int targetState;
    if (mLastNestedScrollDy > 0) {
        //top = mMinOffset;
        //targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (currentTop > mAnchorPoint) {
            top = mAnchorPoint;
            targetState = STATE_ANCHOR_POINT;
        }
        else {
            top = mMinOffset;
            targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        }
    } else if (mHideable && shouldHide(child, getYVelocity())) {
        top = mParentHeight;
        targetState = STATE_HIDDEN;
    } else if (mLastNestedScrollDy == 0) {
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (Math.abs(currentTop - mMinOffset) < Math.abs(currentTop - mMaxOffset)) {
            top = mMinOffset;
            targetState = STATE_EXPANDED;
        } else {
            top = mMaxOffset;
            targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        }
    } else {
        //top = mMaxOffset;
        //targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        int currentTop = child.getTop();
        if (currentTop > mAnchorPoint) {
            top = mMaxOffset;
            targetState = STATE_COLLAPSED;
        }
        else {
            top = mAnchorPoint;
            targetState = STATE_ANCHOR_POINT;
        }
    }
    if (mViewDragHelper.smoothSlideViewTo(child, child.getLeft(), top)) {
        setStateInternal(STATE_SETTLING);
        ViewCompat.postOnAnimation(child, new SettleRunnable(child, targetState));
    } else {
        setStateInternal(targetState);
    }
    mNestedScrolled = false;
}

public final void setState(@State int state) {
    if (state == mState) {
        return;
    }
    if (mViewRef == null) {
        // The view is not laid out yet; modify mState and let onLayoutChild handle it later
        /**
         * New behavior (added: state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT ||)
         */
        if (state == STATE_COLLAPSED || state == STATE_EXPANDED ||
                state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT ||
                (mHideable && state == STATE_HIDDEN)) {
            mState = state;
        }
        return;
    }
    V child = mViewRef.get();
    if (child == null) {
        return;
    }
    int top;
    if (state == STATE_COLLAPSED) {
        top = mMaxOffset;
    } else if (state == STATE_ANCHOR_POINT) {
        top = mAnchorPoint;
    } else if (state == STATE_EXPANDED) {
        top = mMinOffset;
    } else if (mHideable && state == STATE_HIDDEN) {
        top = mParentHeight;
    } else {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("Illegal state argument: " + state);
    }
    setStateInternal(STATE_SETTLING);
    if (mViewDragHelper.smoothSlideViewTo(child, child.getLeft(), top)) {
        ViewCompat.postOnAnimation(child, new SettleRunnable(child, state));
    }
}
public static <V extends View> BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike<V> from(V view) {
    ViewGroup.LayoutParams params = view.getLayoutParams();
    if (!(params instanceof CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams)) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException("The view is not a child of CoordinatorLayout");
    }
    CoordinatorLayout.Behavior behavior = ((CoordinatorLayout.LayoutParams) params)
            .getBehavior();
    if (!(behavior instanceof BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike)) {
        throw new IllegalArgumentException(
                "The view is not associated with BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike");
    }
    return (BottomSheetBehaviorGoogleMapsLike<V>) behavior;
}

Link to the whole project where you can see all the Custom Behaviors

And here it is how it looks like:

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Table Of Contents
39 ACRA
64 Menu
112 Loader
119 Xposed
132 Colors
135 Fresco
140 AdMob
147 Button
149 Bottom Sheets
156 Vk SDK
170 XMPP
176 OpenCV
200 FileIO
203 Moshi
217 Paint
231 AIDL
241 JCodec
243 Okio
255 Looper
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