Download Image using AsyncTask in Android

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This tutorial explains how to download Image using AsyncTask in Android. The example below download image while showing progress bar while during download.

Understanding Android AsyncTask

Async task enables you to implement MultiThreading without get Hands dirty into threads. AsyncTask enables proper and easy use of the UI thread. It allows performing background operations and passing the results on the UI thread. If you are doing something isolated related to UI, for example downloading data to present in a list, go ahead and use AsyncTask.

<li>AsyncTasks should ideally be used for short operations (a few seconds at the most.)</li>
<li>An asynchronous task is defined by 3 generic types, called Params, Progress and Result, and 4 steps, called <code>onPreExecute()</code>, <code>doInBackground()</code>, <code>onProgressUpdate()</code> and <code>onPostExecute()</code>.</li>
<li>In <code>onPreExecute()</code> you can define code, which need to be executed before background processing starts.</li>
<li>doInBackground have code which needs to be executed in background, here in <code>doInBackground()</code> we can send results to multiple times to event thread by publishProgress() method, to notify background processing has been completed we can return results simply.</li>
<li><code>onProgressUpdate()</code> method receives progress updates from <code>doInBackground()</code> method, which is published via <code>publishProgress()</code> method, and this method can use this progress update to update event thread</li>
<li><code>onPostExecute()</code> method handles results returned by <code>doInBackground()</code> method.</li>
<li>The generic types used are
<li>Params, the type of the parameters sent to the task upon execution</li>
<li>Progress, the type of the progress units published during the background computation.</li>
<li>Result, the type of the result of the background computation.</li>
<li>If an async task not using any types, then it can be marked as Void type.</li>
<li>An running async task can be cancelled by calling <code>cancel(boolean)</code> method.</li>

Downloading image using Android AsyncTask

your .xml layout

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

    android:orientation="vertical" >

    android:text="Click Here to Download" />

    android:contentDescription="Your image will appear here" />


.java class

package com.javatechig.droid;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.HttpStatus;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.ImageView;

public class ImageDownladerActivity extends Activity {

    private ImageView downloadedImg;
    private ProgressDialog simpleWaitDialog;
    private String downloadUrl = "";

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        Button imageDownloaderBtn = (Button) findViewById(;

        downloadedImg = (ImageView) findViewById(;

        imageDownloaderBtn.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                new ImageDownloader().execute(downloadUrl);


    private class ImageDownloader extends AsyncTask {

        protected Bitmap doInBackground(String... param) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            return downloadBitmap(param[0]);

        protected void onPreExecute() {
            Log.i("Async-Example", "onPreExecute Called");
            simpleWaitDialog =,
                    "Wait", "Downloading Image");


        protected void onPostExecute(Bitmap result) {
            Log.i("Async-Example", "onPostExecute Called");


        private Bitmap downloadBitmap(String url) {
            // initilize the default HTTP client object
            final DefaultHttpClient client = new DefaultHttpClient();

            //forming a HttpGet request 
            final HttpGet getRequest = new HttpGet(url);
            try {

                HttpResponse response = client.execute(getRequest);

                //check 200 OK for success
                final int statusCode = response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode();

                if (statusCode != HttpStatus.SC_OK) {
                    Log.w("ImageDownloader", "Error " + statusCode + 
                            " while retrieving bitmap from " + url);
                    return null;


                final HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
                if (entity != null) {
                    InputStream inputStream = null;
                    try {
                        // getting contents from the stream 
                        inputStream = entity.getContent();

                        // decoding stream data back into image Bitmap that android understands
                        final Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(inputStream);

                        return bitmap;
                    } finally {
                        if (inputStream != null) {
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // You Could provide a more explicit error message for IOException
                Log.e("ImageDownloader", "Something went wrong while" +
                        " retrieving bitmap from " + url + e.toString());

            return null;

Since there is currently no comment field for examples (or I haven’t found it or I haven’t permission for it) here is some comment about this:

This is a good example what can be done with AsyncTask.

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