Android Writing UI tests edit

IdlingResource

The power of idling resources lies in not having to wait for some app’s processing (networking, calculations, animations, etc.) to finish with sleep(), which brings flakiness and/or prolongs the tests run. The official documentation can be found here.

Implementation

There are three things that you need to do when implementing IdlingResource interface:

Now you should create your own logic and determine when your app is idle and when not, since this is dependant on the app. Below you will find a simple example, just to show how it works. There are other examples online, but specific app implementation brings to specific idling resource implementations.

NOTES

Example

Let us say that you have an activity which does weird stuff and takes a long time for the fragment to load and thus making your Espresso tests fail by not being able to find resources from your fragment (you should change how your activity is created and when to speed it up). But in any case to keep it simple, the following example shows how it should look like.

Our example idling resource would get two objects:

/**
 * FragmentIdlingResource - idling resource which waits while Fragment has not been loaded.
 */
public class FragmentIdlingResource implements IdlingResource {
    private final FragmentManager mFragmentManager;
    private final String mTag;
    //resource callback you use when your activity transitions to idle
    private volatile ResourceCallback resourceCallback;

    public FragmentIdlingResource(FragmentManager fragmentManager, String tag) {
        mFragmentManager = fragmentManager;
        mTag = tag;
    }

    @Override
    public String getName() {
        return FragmentIdlingResource.class.getName() + ":" + mTag;
    }

    @Override
    public boolean isIdleNow() {
        //simple check, if your fragment is added, then your app has became idle
        boolean idle = (mFragmentManager.findFragmentByTag(mTag) != null);
        if (idle) {
            //IMPORTANT: make sure you call onTransitionToIdle
            resourceCallback.onTransitionToIdle();
        }
        return idle;
    }

    @Override
    public void registerIdleTransitionCallback(ResourceCallback resourceCallback) {
        this.resourceCallback = resourceCallback;
    }
}

Now that you have your IdlingResource written, you need to use it somewhere right?

Usage

Let us skip the entire test class setup and just look how a test case would look like:

@Test
public void testSomeFragmentText() {
    mActivityTestRule.launchActivity(null);
   
    //creating the idling resource
    IdlingResource fragmentLoadedIdlingResource = new FragmentIdlingResource(mActivityTestRule.getActivity().getSupportFragmentManager(), SomeFragmentText.TAG);
    //registering the idling resource so espresso waits for it
    Espresso.registerIdlingResources(idlingResource1);
    onView(withId(R.id.txtHelloWorld)).check(matches(withText(helloWorldText)));

    //lets cleanup after ourselves
    Espresso.unregisterIdlingResources(fragmentLoadedIdlingResource);
}

Combination with JUnit rule

This is not to hard; you can also apply the idling resource in form of a JUnit test rule. For example, let us say that you have some SDK that contains Volley in it and you want Espresso to wait for it. Instead of going through each test case or applying it in setup, you could create a JUnit rule and just write:

@Rule
public final SDKIdlingRule mSdkIdlingRule = new SDKIdlingRule(SDKInstanceHolder.getInstance());

Now since this is an example, don’t take it for granted; all code here is imaginary and used only for demonstration purposes:

public class SDKIdlingRule implements TestRule {
    //idling resource you wrote to check is volley idle or not
    private VolleyIdlingResource mVolleyIdlingResource;
    //request queue that you need from volley to give it to idling resource
    private RequestQueue mRequestQueue;

    //when using the rule extract the request queue from your SDK
    public SDKIdlingRule(SDKClass sdkClass) {
        mRequestQueue = getVolleyRequestQueue(sdkClass);
    }

    private RequestQueue getVolleyRequestQueue(SDKClass sdkClass) {
        return sdkClass.getVolleyRequestQueue();
    }

    @Override
    public Statement apply(final Statement base, Description description) {
        return new Statement() {
            @Override
            public void evaluate() throws Throwable {
                //registering idling resource
                mVolleyIdlingResource = new VolleyIdlingResource(mRequestQueue);
                Espresso.registerIdlingResources(mVolleyIdlingResource);
                try {
                    base.evaluate();
                } finally {
                    if (mVolleyIdlingResource != null) {
                        //deregister the resource when test finishes
                        Espresso.unregisterIdlingResources(mVolleyIdlingResource);
                    }
                }
            }
        };
    }
}

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