Write to a file

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cat >file

It will let you write the text on terminal which will be saved in a file named file.

cat >>file

will do the same, except it will append the text to the end of the file.

N.B: Ctrl+D to end writing text on terminal (Linux)

A here document can be used to inline the contents of a file into a command line or a script:

cat <<END >file
Hello, World.

The token after the << redirection symbol is an arbitrary string which needs to occur alone on a line (with no leading or trailing whitespace) to indicate the end of the here document. You can add quoting to prevent the shell from performing command substitution and variable interpolation:

cat <<'fnord'
Nothing in `here` will be $changed

(Without the quotes, here would be executed as a command, and $changed would be substituted with the value of the variable changed – or nothing, if it was undefined.)

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