Conditionally executes a command. Available elementary tests:
<expression1> equ <expression2>-- equals
<expression1> neq <expression2>-- not equal
<expression1> lss <expression2>-- less than
<expression1> leq <expression2>-- less than or equal
<expression1> gtr <expression2>-- greater than
<expression1> geq <expression2>-- greater than or equal
To each elementary test, "not" can be applied. Apparently there are no operators like AND, OR, etc. to combine elementary tests.
/I switch makes the
equ comparisons ignore case.
if not exist %targetpath% ( echo Target path not found. exit /b )
if not 1 equ 0 echo Not equal
if 1 equ 0 echo A & echo B
Does nothing; both echo commands are subject to the condition.
if not 1 equ 0 goto :mylabel
if not a geq b echo Not greater
if b geq a echo Greater
if b geq A echo Greater in a case-insensitive comparison
if B geq a echo Greater in a case-insensitive comparison
if 0 equ 00 echo Numerical equality
if not 0==00 echo String inequality
if 01 geq 1 echo Numerical comparison
if not "01" geq "1" echo String comparison
if 1 equ 0 (echo Equal) else echo Unequal
Notice the brackets around the positive then-part to make it work.
if not a==A echo Case-sensitive inequality
if /i a==A echo Case-insensitive equality
if /i==/i echo This does not work
if "/i"=="/i" echo Equal, using quotation marks to prevent the literal meaning of /i
$ if /? Performs conditional processing in batch programs. IF [NOT] ERRORLEVEL number command IF [NOT] string1==string2 command IF [NOT] EXIST filename command NOT Specifies that Windows should carry out the command only if the condition is false. ERRORLEVEL number Specifies a true condition if the last program run returned an exit code equal to or greater than the number specified. string1==string2 Specifies a true condition if the specified text strings match. EXIST filename Specifies a true condition if the specified filename exists. command Specifies the command to carry out if the condition is met. Command can be followed by ELSE command which will execute the command after the ELSE keyword if the specified condition is FALSE The ELSE clause must occur on the same line as the command after the IF. For example: IF EXIST filename. ( del filename. ) ELSE ( echo filename. missing. ) The following would NOT work because the del command needs to be terminated by a newline: IF EXIST filename. del filename. ELSE echo filename. missing Nor would the following work, since the ELSE command must be on the same line as the end of the IF command: IF EXIST filename. del filename. ELSE echo filename. missing The following would work if you want it all on one line: IF EXIST filename. (del filename.) ELSE echo filename. missing If Command Extensions are enabled IF changes as follows: IF [/I] string1 compare-op string2 command IF CMDEXTVERSION number command IF DEFINED variable command where compare-op may be one of: EQU - equal NEQ - not equal LSS - less than LEQ - less than or equal GTR - greater than GEQ - greater than or equal and the /I switch, if specified, says to do case insensitive string compares. The /I switch can also be used on the string1==string2 form of IF. These comparisons are generic, in that if both string1 and string2 are both comprised of all numeric digits, then the strings are converted to numbers and a numeric comparison is performed. The CMDEXTVERSION conditional works just like ERRORLEVEL, except it is comparing against an internal version number associated with the Command Extensions. The first version is 1. It will be incremented by one when significant enhancements are added to the Command Extensions. CMDEXTVERSION conditional is never true when Command Extensions are disabled. The DEFINED conditional works just like EXIST except it takes an environment variable name and returns true if the environment variable is defined. %ERRORLEVEL% will expand into a string representation of the current value of ERRORLEVEL, provided that there is not already an environment variable with the name ERRORLEVEL, in which case you will get its value instead. After running a program, the following illustrates ERRORLEVEL use: goto answer%ERRORLEVEL% :answer0 echo Program had return code 0 :answer1 echo Program had return code 1 You can also use numerical comparisons above: IF %ERRORLEVEL% LEQ 1 goto okay %CMDCMDLINE% will expand into the original command line passed to CMD.EXE prior to any processing by CMD.EXE, provided that there is not already an environment variable with the name CMDCMDLINE, in which case you will get its value instead. %CMDEXTVERSION% will expand into a string representation of the current value of CMDEXTVERSION, provided that there is not already an environment variable with the name CMDEXTVERSION, in which case you will get its value instead.
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