Duplicate variable names in the same scopesuggest change
An example of a constraint as expressed in the C standard is having two variables of the same name declared in a scope1), for example:
void foo(int bar)
This code breaches the constraint and must produce a diagnostic message at compile time. This is very useful as compared to undefined behavior as the developer will be informed of the issue before the program is run, potentially doing anything.
Constraints thus tend to be errors which are easily detectable at compile time such as this, issues which result in undefined behavior but would be difficult or impossible to detect at compile time are thus not constraints.
1) exact wording:
If an identifier has no linkage, there shall be no more than one declaration of the identifier (in a declarator or type specifier) with the same scope and in the same name space, except for tags as specified in 220.127.116.11.