Bitwise NOT operator

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Overloading the bitwise NOT (~) is fairly simple. Scroll down for explanation

Overloading outside of class/struct:

T operator~(T lhs)
    //Do operation
    return lhs;

Overloading inside of class/struct:

T operator~()
    T t(*this);
    //Do operation
    return t;

Note: operator~ returns by value, because it has to return a new value (the modified value), and not a reference to the value (it would be a reference to the temporary object, which would have garbage value in it as soon as the operator is done). Not const either because the calling code should be able to modify it afterwards (i.e. int a = ~a + 1; should be possible).

Inside the class/struct you have to make a temporary object, because you can’t modify this, as it would modify the original object, which shouldn’t be the case.

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