Mutex gotchas

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Don’t copy mutexes

A copy of sync.Mutex variable starts with the same state as original mutex but it is not the same mutex.

It’s almost always a mistake to copy a sync.Mutex e.g. by passing it to another function or embedding it in a struct and making a copy of that struct.

If you want to share a mutex variable, pass it as a pointer *sync.Mutex.

Mutex is not recursive (aka re-entrant)

In some languages mutexes are recursive i.e. the same thread can Lock the same mutex multiple times.

In Go sync.Mutex is non-recursive. Calling Lock twice in the same goroutine will deadlock.

go vet will warn you about copying mutexes. Here's an example warning:

> go vet
.\document_conventions.go:151: assignment copies lock value to res: ravendb.DocumentConventions contains sync.Mutex

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