# Are 2 polygons colliding both concave and convex polys are allowed

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Tests all polygon sides for intersections to determine if 2 polygons are colliding.

``````// polygon objects are an array of vertices forming the polygon
//     var polygon1=[{x:100,y:100},{x:150,y:150},{x:50,y:150},...];
// The polygons can be both concave and convex
// return true if the 2 polygons are colliding

function polygonsCollide(p1,p2){
// turn vertices into line points
var lines1=verticesToLinePoints(p1);
var lines2=verticesToLinePoints(p2);
// test each poly1 side vs each poly2 side for intersections
for(i=0; i<lines1.length; i++){
for(j=0; j<lines2.length; j++){
// test if sides intersect
var p0=lines1[i][0];
var p1=lines1[i][1];
var p2=lines2[j][0];
var p3=lines2[j][1];
// found an intersection -- polys do collide
if(lineSegmentsCollide(p0,p1,p2,p3)){return(true);}
}}
// none of the sides intersect
return(false);
}
// helper: turn vertices into line points
function verticesToLinePoints(p){
// make sure polys are self-closing
if(!(p[0].x==p[p.length-1].x && p[0].y==p[p.length-1].y)){
p.push({x:p[0].x,y:p[0].y});
}
var lines=[];
for(var i=1;i<p.length;i++){
var p1=p[i-1];
var p2=p[i];
lines.push([
{x:p1.x, y:p1.y},
{x:p2.x, y:p2.y}
]);
}
return(lines);
}
// helper: test line intersections
// point object: {x:, y:}
// p0 & p1 form one segment, p2 & p3 form the second segment
// Get interseting point of 2 line segments (if any)
function lineSegmentsCollide(p0,p1,p2,p3) {
var unknownA = (p3.x-p2.x) * (p0.y-p2.y) - (p3.y-p2.y) * (p0.x-p2.x);
var unknownB = (p1.x-p0.x) * (p0.y-p2.y) - (p1.y-p0.y) * (p0.x-p2.x);
var denominator  = (p3.y-p2.y) * (p1.x-p0.x) - (p3.x-p2.x) * (p1.y-p0.y);

// Test if Coincident
// If the denominator and numerator for the ua and ub are 0
//    then the two lines are coincident.
if(unknownA==0 && unknownB==0 && denominator==0){return(null);}

// Test if Parallel
// If the denominator for the equations for ua and ub is 0
//     then the two lines are parallel.
if (denominator == 0) return null;

// test if line segments are colliding
unknownA /= denominator;
unknownB /= denominator;
var isIntersecting=(unknownA>=0 && unknownA<=1 && unknownB>=0 && unknownB<=1)

return(isIntersecting);
}``````